Hluttaw

June 14, 2016

Hluttaws (Parliaments)

 

Myanmar is a unitary presidential constitutional republic with a union system.

The legislative power of the union is shared among the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (the Assembly of the Union), Region and State Hluttaws. The Assembly of the Union is the national level legislature of Myanmar established by the 2008 national constitution. The Assembly of the Union consists of of two houses (Hluttaws): Amyotha Hluttaw (the Upper House) and Pyithu Hluttaw (the Lower House) with equal status. There are 224 seats for the Upper house and 440 seats for Lower house. The president is elected by the members of the Hluttaw.

According to the constitution the current electoral system used is First-Past-the-Post to elect the following representatives:

 

Amyotha Hluttaw (Upper House)

 

168 of 224 seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw are up for election. There are 7 states and 7 regions with 12 seats each for the 14 states and regions making a total of 168 seats. The remaining 56 seats (25%) are Army Representatives selected by the Commander-in-Chief according to the constitution.

 

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Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House)

 

330 of the 440 seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw are up for election. One representative each is elected for 330 constituencies and each constituency is based on existing 330 township boundaries. The remaining 110 seats (25%) are Army Representatives selected by the Commander-in-Chief according to the constitution.

 

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Region and State Hluttaws

Two representatives each are elected from each townships of seven regions and seven states making 644 seats. According to the constitution, ethnic races whose population constitutes more than 0.1% of the country’s population also get elected in 29 seats.One third of the seats of each Regions and States Hluttaw are Army Representatives selected by the Commander-in-Chief according to the constitution.